Bioenergy signifies the optimization of biomass or organic materials as a renewable source of energy for electrical power generation and direct power applications in energy sectors such as industrial purposes, commercial, domestic, and liquid fuel production for transport.
In addition, it is also a renewable energy form that releases CO2 or carbon dioxide and other gases when transformed into another energy form.
However, carbon dioxide is released during the restored vegetation regrowth through the process of photosynthesis. In this case, biomass can also be derived from animals, vegetables, and other organic materials, harvested or collected and grown for energy.
Examples of biomass include animal fats, sugar cane residues, and wood wastes. Moreover, a traditional combustion process will convert solid organic materials through burning to extract energy in heat form, which is utilized to generate heat and electricity.
Alternatively, chemical conversion procedures break down organic materials into fuels through liquid biofuels and biogas. Then, these are utilized for transport and electricity generation.
Biogas is mainly composed of carbon dioxide and methane produced by biomass’ anaerobic digestion. It’s currently found in agricultural wastes, livestock feedlots, sewage treatment, and landfill sites.